Agroecology at CIRAD
In response to the challenges posed by the adaptation of production systems in the South to the changes they are undergoing, CIRAD and its partners mobilize the natural regulations and processes on which the principles of agroecology are built to test and implement new ways of producing. They support local actors and social movements that carry these agro-ecological transitions in order to act on socio-economic-institutional conditions and promote the transition to sustainable development. the scale of these practices for a majority rural populations.
CIRAD and its partners have been carrying out a series of research and full-scale tests for many years to document and objectivize the capacity of from agroecology to represent a technically, economically and socially viable alternative to conventional intensification models.
Undeniable progress has been made. carried out on the identification of effective agroecological processes and techniques, experiments have been carried out. accumulated on a wide variety biophysical contexts, in the overseas departments or in the countries of the South. Similarly, the more systematic analysis of the obstacles and levers to agroecological transitions in biodiversity of these contexts makes it possible to better target the action of local actors to effectively influence the conditions for change. The objective today is to draw from the multiplicity of experiences, generic lessons to offer more effective and adapted technical options, as well as a global approach based on support systems, which are defined according to the definitions The specifics of the different types of agriculture.
Among the specific issues for research, we can cite the effective mobilization in these approaches of knowledge of different kinds, whether local or exogenous, lay or scientific. Or we can also cite the fact of mobilizing and articulating the knowledge generated at the scale of exploitation, with those generated at the scale of the exploitation. the scale of the territory and the sectors.
A network of research and multiple actors
To answer to; these challenges, the network of Boost-AE partners obviously involves research institutions working on agroecological transitions in the South (CIRAD, IRD, INRAE, European universities, research institutions in the countries Sud…) whose objective is to produce operational knowledge, but also a large number of partners involved in development and who also believe in the added value of sharing experiences, the systematization of knowledge and the updating of knowledge. disposal of the greatest number of the latter. There are thus many NGOs, research offices, technical institutes, international institutions or public and private actors, all carrying action in favor of TAE in these contexts. Field collaborations between these different types of institutions give rise to a common vision and the co-construction of useful knowledge to support TAEs in tropical conditions and countries of the South.